Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali

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Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali  served as the thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 until his resignation in 2004.

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Originally a supporter of Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamali emerged in the politics of Balochistan Province in the 1970s, under military governor Rahimuddin Khan. He became a national figure as a part of the government of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and served as the Chief Minister of Balochistan in two non-consecutive terms from June 1988 to December 1988, and November 1996 to February 1997.

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Although a senior leader in the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) and Sharif’s confidante, Jamali’s relations went cold, and he subsequently joined the dissident’s party after the 1999 coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. After participating successfully in the 2002 general election, Jamali won the bid for the Office of Prime Minister after his supporters and colleagues left their respected parties to support him. 

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On 21 November 2002, Jamali was appointed as thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first ethnic Baloch to hold that office.

Jamali vowed to transform Pakistan’s economy into broader free-market principles, and implemented intensive economic shock therapy, price liberalization and privatization programmes. His political and economic philosophy emphasized the macroeconomics principles and subsequently improved the financial services, revenue and taxation in an attempt to control foreign debt, hyperinflation and social problems. His economic policies reached to expanded record level, producing 13.6% GDP per capita for the national economy. Jamali successfully oversaw the country’s transformation of two-party system into the multiparty democracy system, and oversaw the implementation of constitutional restoration in the country. On 26 June 2004, Jamali announced a surprising announcement of his resignation, leaving the office into hand of his economic minister Shaukat Aziz

Muhammad Khan Junejo

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He was born on 18 August 1932 at Sindhri in Tharparkar of Sindh. He was born to a family of agricultural landowners, and as a result he went toHastings, England, to study at the agricultural institute.

Junejo’s political career began shortly after graduating, when he was elected to Sanghar District council. He became a member of the Pakistan Muslim League and was then elected to the West Pakistan Provincial Assembly. Under Ayub Khan, Junejo served as the Minister for West Pakistan railways.

In 1977 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq declared martial law, while Junejo served in a series of minor government posts. Following the 1985 elections, in which candidates were unable to represent a political party, Zia appointed Junejo as his Prime Minister. Zia assumed that Junejo would provide little opposition to Zia’s programme; however Junejo began his term by pushing for the end of marial law and the re-introduction of political parties. Zia ended martial law in December 1985, less than a year after Junejo’s appointment.

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It was shortly after the re-introduction of political parties that Junejo formed the element of the Pakistan Muslim League that became PML-J, following his death.

Zia dismissed the Junejo government in 1988, following an investigation into the Ojhri Camp disaster, and its decision to sign the Geneva Accords on Afghanistan.

Junejo lost his government seat in the 1988 elections. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1990 and remained head of the PML. He held these posts until his death three years later.