Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali served as the thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 until his resignation in 2004.
Originally a supporter of Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamali emerged in the politics of Balochistan Province in the 1970s, under military governor Rahimuddin Khan. He became a national figure as a part of the government of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and served as the Chief Minister of Balochistan in two non-consecutive terms from June 1988 to December 1988, and November 1996 to February 1997.
Although a senior leader in the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) and Sharif’s confidante, Jamali’s relations went cold, and he subsequently joined the dissident’s party after the 1999 coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. After participating successfully in the 2002 general election, Jamali won the bid for the Office of Prime Minister after his supporters and colleagues left their respected parties to support him.
On 21 November 2002, Jamali was appointed as thirteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first ethnic Baloch to hold that office.
Jamali vowed to transform Pakistan’s economy into broader free-market principles, and implemented intensive economic shock therapy, price liberalization and privatization programmes. His political and economic philosophy emphasized the macroeconomics principles and subsequently improved the financial services, revenue and taxation in an attempt to control foreign debt, hyperinflation and social problems. His economic policies reached to expanded record level, producing 13.6% GDP per capita for the national economy. Jamali successfully oversaw the country’s transformation of two-party system into the multiparty democracy system, and oversaw the implementation of constitutional restoration in the country. On 26 June 2004, Jamali announced a surprising announcement of his resignation, leaving the office into hand of his economic minister Shaukat Aziz
He was born on 18 August 1932 at Sindhri in Tharparkar of Sindh. He was born to a family of agricultural landowners, and as a result he went toHastings, England, to study at the agricultural institute.
Junejo’s political career began shortly after graduating, when he was elected to Sanghar District council. He became a member of the Pakistan Muslim League and was then elected to the West Pakistan Provincial Assembly. Under Ayub Khan, Junejo served as the Minister for West Pakistan railways.
In 1977 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq declared martial law, while Junejo served in a series of minor government posts. Following the 1985 elections, in which candidates were unable to represent a political party, Zia appointed Junejo as his Prime Minister. Zia assumed that Junejo would provide little opposition to Zia’s programme; however Junejo began his term by pushing for the end of marial law and the re-introduction of political parties. Zia ended martial law in December 1985, less than a year after Junejo’s appointment.
It was shortly after the re-introduction of political parties that Junejo formed the element of the Pakistan Muslim League that became PML-J, following his death.
Zia dismissed the Junejo government in 1988, following an investigation into the Ojhri Camp disaster, and its decision to sign the Geneva Accords on Afghanistan.
Junejo lost his government seat in the 1988 elections. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1990 and remained head of the PML. He held these posts until his death three years later.
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq’s tenure ranged from July 1977 to his death on 17th August 1988. Zia was born in Jalandhar, British India, in 1924. After graduation, he joined the British Indian Army in 1943. He married Shafiq Jahan in 1951.
One of his sons Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq joined politics and became a cabinet minister in the government of Nawaz Sharif. Zia-ul-Haq was appointed Chief of Army Staff (COAS) in 1976.
After widespread civil disorder, he overthrew ruling Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in a bloodless coup d’état on July 5, 1977 and became the state’s third ruler to impose martial law. He initially ruled as Chief Martial Law Administrator, but later installed himself as the President of Pakistan in September 1978.
Zia’s major domestic initiatives included the consolidation of the fledgling nuclear programme, which was initiated by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, denationalisation and deregulation and the state’s Islamisation. His tenure saw the disbanding of the Baloch insurgency. His endorsement of the Pakistan Muslim League (the founding party of Pakistan) initiated its mainstream revival. However, he is most remembered for his foreign policy; the subsidising of the Mujahideen Movement during the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan which led to the Soviet Russian withdrawal from Afghanistan. Zia died along with several of his top generals and then United States Ambassador to Pakistan Arnold Lewis Raphel in a suspicious aircraft crash near Bahawalpur on August 17, 1988.
The word PAKISTAN means “Land of the Pure” , it is a Persian word. It was suggested by Chaudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never, referring to the names of the five northern regions : Punjab, North-West Frontier Province , Kashmir, Sindh and Baluchistan”.
Pakistan is an Islamic democratic parliamentary federal republic . The first Constitution of Pakistan was adopted in 1956 but suspended by General Muhammad Ayub Khan in 1958. The Constitution of 1973 suspended by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in 1977 but reinstated in 1985 is the country’s most important document, laying the foundations of the current government. The Pakistani military establishment has played an influential role in mainstream politics throughout Pakistan’s political history. Presidents brought in by military coups ruled in 1958–1971, 1977–1988 and 1999–2008.
General Muhammad Ayub Khan
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
General Pervez Musharaf
Interesting facts about Pakistan.
1- Pakistan has the 6th largest army in the world.
2-MM.Alam made a world record by downing 4 Indian aircrafts in less than 30 seconds(26 to be exact). The record hasn’t been broken yet.
3-Pakistan has been nominated among the 11 countries by U.N.O, which will be the largest economies in future.
4-In the last 5-7 years Pakistan’s literacy rate has increased immensively. Pakistan is the country with highest literacy rate increase.
5-Some gifts of nature in Pakistan include K-2 the second largest mountain in the world. Swat and Ziarat valleys which are among the world’s 10 most beautiful valleys. Out of 20 highest peaks in the world Pak has 8.
6-Tarbela Dam is the second largest dam in the world. Largest earth filled dam.
7-The largest ambulance network in the world is run by Abdul Sattar Eidhi in Pakistan. It is said that if he hadn’t spent his money on Ambulance, he would have been 1.5 times richer than Bill Gates.
8-The youngest microsoft certified Experts and Professionals are from Pakistan.e.g Arfa karim
9- Pakistan is not among top 25 countries for crime rate. Where countries like U.K, U.S and India are there.
Note:There is a difference between crime and terrorism.
10-The highest scorers in O’ levels and A levels are both Pakistanis.
11- Pakistan is the country with least racial discrimination.
Pakistan has the largest milk processing plant in the world.
More than 50% of world’s footballs and surgical instruments are made in Pakistan.
Pakistan’s broadband is the fourth largest network spread in the world.
13- Pak is the only Muslim Atomic power.
14-Pak has 7th largest collection of scientists and engineers.
15- Pak has the best airforce training system and instituions. Many countries send their forces to be trained 4m Pakistan.
16-Pak has the worlds largest irrigation system.
17- Pak has won the most Squash championships.
18-Second largest salt mines of khewra are located in Pakistan.
19- The best and sweetest tune in the world is National Anthem of Pakistan. Though it changes every year but has never fallen before 3rd position.
20- Pak is the largest producer and exporter of Rice and cotton.
Pak is the largest producer of chick peas.
21-Other than that Pak is the 5th largest livestock producing country.
Indo PAK relationships are considered to be the major and most important issue for the development of the subcontinent since independence. After independence (1947) both countries have been before each other in four major and big duals i.e. 1948, 1965, 1971, 1999. Many of the civilians & soldiers died in these wars. But the Indo PAK relation never set calm. There are many reasons behind the hotness between these two countries. Kashmir issue, water issue, Indo china relation, PAK china relation are the most discussed issues. Both countries have tried to solve these issues and many times these issues are discussed on different forums by the both countries. Pakistan has accused India of gross human rights violations in Indian-administered Kashmir. A report by the Human Rights Watch stated two main reasons for the improving human rights condition in the region: First, sincere efforts were made by the new Jammu and Kashmir state government headed by Mufti Muhammad Saeed to investigate cases of human rights abuses in the state and to punish those guilty including Indian soldiers. More than 15 Indian army soldiers were convicted by the Indian government in 2004 for carrying out human rights abuses in the state. Second, the decrease in cross-border infiltration into India by armed insurgents.
Move over the attack on the Indian parliament and Mumbai attacks in 2008 were blamed on Pakistani agencies and Taliban by the Indian government, but later investigations and some government officials of India revealed that the attacks were planned by the Indian officials themselves to create a sort of critical condition between the two countries which were then ready to solve many of the important issues.
Now in the first week of august there is a nonstop shelling across the LOC (Line Of Control) from the Indian check posts which is the violation of the cease fire agreement between the two countries. In return Pakistan summoned India’s deputy ambassador to protest over the clashes in the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir. Now due to these violations both the sides are facing huge pressure to start peace talks otherwise these will end in a nuclear war, which is the most disastrios thing for the whole region
yeah monday again with a new hope , some new tasks , some new joys and sadness . many people will enjoy & many would have to work to get some reward . yes monday again, We all need to start making some changes to how our families eat. Now, everyone loves a good Sunday dinner. And there’s nothing wrong with that. The problem is when we eat Sunday dinner Monday through Saturday.